Global examples of fractal communities and alternative settlements . Schemes of legal constitution and social order. Geometric organization of the management and use of power. Geometric designs and what they mean. Alternative technologies to live in a self-dependent way. Permacultural design synthesized. Permaculture definition.
State of the World. Permaculture ethics. Permaculture design process overview. Scales of Permaculture systems. Pattern understanding: the watershed. Site analysis content. Site analysis documentation and presentation.
Permaculture design principles . Permaculture design methods. Scales of permanence. Permaculture design for drylands. Permaculture design for tropics. Permaculture design for temperate and cold climates. Holmgren’s 12 Principles and their correlation to Mollison’s Principles. Climates, Biogeography and Microclimates.
Design Methods and Process. The Home System. Water: the hydrologic cycle; Conservation, water’s functions, matching quality to use; Water harvesting and storage in built containers, in ponds, and in ground; Tropical, arid, and temperate strategies; Earthworks; Keyline design, micro- catchments, gabions, and check dams; Use of levelling instruments and construction of swales; Design and construction of earthen dams and ponds. Soils: Soil biology and function in the ecosystem; Soil texture, structure, classification, and testing; Fertility management and soil repair. Trees, Forests, Plants, and Cultivated Ecologies: Architecture, growth, and function of trees; placement and role of forest; Agroforestry, tree crops, multifunctional hedgerows, and orchard design. Animals: Designs that integrate plants and animals (alley cropping, rotational grazing, etc. Roles and habitats of small and large livestock; General husbandry: Food, hygiene, health care, protection, reproduction; Breed selections: Needs, yields, and characteristics; Land management. Aquaculture: Aquatic ecology: Trophic food web, limiting factors, and design criteria; Chinampas and other cultivated aquatic ecosystems; Aquaponics; species choices